PLYWOOD TYPES AND APPLICATION

Originally, plywood referred to wood panels made of multi-layered veneer, bonded together with glue. 
While this term is still accurate, today the name plywood has become more generic, being used to refer to all types of engineered wood panels.


Below listing are the various types of plywood that are currently available on the market and their uses: 

Softwood Plywood

This is the most common plywood product, made of softwood veneer, usually fir. The layers are stacked at a right angle to each other and glued together with resinous glues. Softwood plywood usually comes in 4’ x 8’ sheets, although 5’ x 5’ sheets are also available. A large number of grades are available, depending upon the intended application. 
Softwood plywood is used most commonly in the building trades for wall and roof sheathing and for sub-floors.


Hardwood Plywood
Most commonly used for cabinet and furniture 
making where a smooth, attractive surface is required for finishing. Hardwood plywood is manufactured the same as softwood plywood, except the exterior layers (face and reverse) are made of hardwood. Common hardwood plywood available includes: alder, oak, red oak, birch, maple, and mahogany. It is typically AB grade plywood.


Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
MDF differs from particle board in that it is created from individual wood fibers, instead of sawdust and wood chips. This creates an extremely flat board (flatter than softwood plywood made from veneers) consistent in material thickness and density, with no voids. Due to its very smooth finish, MDF is excellent for painting, vinyl veneer coating and laminate surfaces. MDF is stronger than particle board, holds it shape and does not warp. It is also a very heavy material compared to most plywood and other building materials


Medium Density Hybrid (MXB)
MDX is a combination core of veneer core center between two layers of MDF. MXB panels have a better surface quality than panels constructed with rougher softwood or hardwood cross bands and provides a strong, smooth building material but not as heavy as regular MDF.


Marine Plywood
Designed for use in the construction of boats, marine plywood is specially treated to resist rotting in high-moisture environments. Marine plywood is manufactured with no core gap caused by cracks or knotholes, to prevent water 
from becoming trapped in those voids. Water boiled proof glue, similar to what is used on exterior plywood is used to bond the layers together. This feature certainly affects the price. Marine plywood costs about three times the cost of standard plywood


For the cabinets and furniture we build, we use A B grade, 3/4" veneer core plywood or baltic birch for cabinets and shelving, solid wood from all trim and some cabinets and desk tops. For any laminated surfaces the best base material to use is 3/4" MDF. It is very strong, straight and does not warp. For painted surfaces we typically use paint grade birch plywood and poplar solid wood.



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Quality Craftsmanship Since 1990