TYPES OF WOOD

Shown are various wood types most commonly used in cabinet construction and their characteristics


 

ALDER

Alder wood is characterized by light brown and reddish undertones. Alder has a straight, even-textured wood grain and is of a moderate weight and hardness. Because of its mostly uniform grain pattern, structure and consistency of natural color and tone, alder accepts stain well is a preferred wood for finishing.

Knotty Alder is a variation of alder that can be used for a more rustic look.







MAPLE 
Maple wood is predominately white to creamy-white in color, with occasional reddish-brown tones. Hard maple is a fine textured, tight grained wood which is a heavier and denser wood than other types and does not accept stain well. The subtle grain pattern of maple wood creates a smooth, uniform appearance and looks best with a light, natural or solid color finish, yellows slightly with age. Not recommended for darker stains.







BIRCH

Birch wood has a smooth surface texture with a tight wood grain that is strong and heavy.  It is similar to Maple but not as consistent in color as Maple, good base for solid color finishes, accepts stain unevenly; mottles. Mottling is a blotchy appearance evident due to various densities in the wood.  Not recommended for darker stains. 









"He who works with his hands is a laborer; 
He who works with his hands and his head is a craftsman;
He who works with his hands, his head and his heart is an artist"






HICKORY

Hickory wood has a naturally contrasting appearance due to the heartwood and sapwood of the Hickory wood.  It is known for its contrasting light and dark streaks, as the color can range from blonde or white to reddish-brown and dark brown. Accepts stain evenly.









WALNUT

Walnut wood features graceful grain patterns and muted brown hues. The smooth, fine and general straight wood grain has colors that range from deep chocolate to light reddish-gray brown. Usually finished with a clear or natural top coat to bring out the color and highlights of the grain.








CHERRY

Cherry wood is characterized by their red undertones, but may vary in color from white to a deep rich brown. Cherry has a smoot, close-grained appearance with a fairly uniform texture and random marking. The even grain allows finishes to be applied with ease but is especially sensitive to light which causes it to darken significantly over time.

 







OAK

Oak wood has distinct grain patterns and range in color from white to pink and reddish tones. Streaks of green, yellow and even black may appear due to mineral deposits in the wood. Two most common variations are sold as either white and red oak. Open grain accepts stain well  darkens slightly over time with age.






There are many more species that are considered specialty or exotic woods that offer a wider variety of characteristics and colors but can be quite a bit more expensive should you choose to use them in your new cabinetry project.


Finish products we use:

Mohawk brand Wiping Wood Stains - we typically apply first coat and let set for a minimum of 24 hours before applying a second coat as needed to achieve a rich, deep even coat and color finish.

Mohawk products meet maximum VOC content for job site application anywhere in the U.S.A. and comply with state recycling rules, as a member of PaintCare®. Mohawk Finishing is registered with the EPA as a producer of architectural products.


MV 22 Sanding Sealer

550 COMPLIANT, LOW VOC (volatile organic compounds)

SINGLE COMPONENT, MODIFIED VINYL SANDING SEALER

 

Unilac 100/35 Lacquer top coat

HAPS FREE (hazardous air pollutants) , SELF-SEAL READY TO USE

SINGLE COMPONENT, OPTIONAL CATALYST



For 'painted' finishes we use:

MV 22 Sanding Sealer - Tinted to the desired color chosen by the client

Unilac 100/35 Lacquer top coat - Tinted to the desired color chosen by the client







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